|Human Right||What it means||Examples of relevant issues|
|The right not to be treated in an inhuman or
Inhuman treatment means treatment causing severe mental or physical suffering
Degrading Treatment means treatment that is grossly humiliating or undignified
Physical or psychological or other types of harm
Soiled or unchanged clothing or bedding
Leaving food for service users or patients when they are unable to feed themselves
Personal care carried out in view of other people
|The right to respect for private and family life, home and correspondence||
Family life is wider than blood or formal relationships
Private life covers things like privacy, personal choices, relationships and participation in community life
Home means respect for the home someone has. Not a right to housing.
Correspondence means all communication for example like phone calls, letters, email
Privacy at home, in a hospital or care home
Personal information including financial or medical records
Family visits, separation of families and other relationships due to hospital or care home admissions
Closure of residential care homes or hospital
Staff in care homes, supported accommodation or hospital etc controlling mail, phone calls etc without authority
|The right to freedom or liberty||
This is not a right of individuals to do what ever they want but a right not to be deprived of liberty in an arbitrary way
Informal detention in hospital of people who lack capacity to consent to admission
Delays in discharging people detained under mental health legislation
Excessive, arbitrary and inappropriate use of restraint in health and social care settings
|The right to a fair trial||
This does not just apply to criminal proceedings but to a broad range of areas where an individuals civil rights or responsibilities are decided upon. It includes an individual’s right to:
The complaints procedures of public bodies
Appeal procedures in social security, mental health care and treatment tribunals
|The right not to be discriminated against||
Discrimination can be direct or indirect. This right does not apply on its own. An individual can only use the human rights act to argue discrimination if another human right is breached.
However, the right not to be discriminated may have been breached under other legislation such as the Disability Discrimination Act 1995
Access to medical treatment or community care services, based on age, disability, gender or ethnic origin etc
Information or options presented in inaccessible ways
Failing to offer food to take account of cultural differences such as kosher or halal foods
|The right to life||
Public authorities must take steps to protect an individual’s life, in almost all circumstances, and must not take away a persons life except in very limited circumstances. For example, when lawfully defending someone from violence.
This protection requires that there should be an official investigation into deaths resulting from the states failure to protect life or use of force.
The right to life is a fundamental right but this does not mean that there is a right to medical treatment in all circumstances.
Do not resuscitate orders placed by medical staff because they consider the patients life to be of low quality. This could be a breach of human rights
Refusal of life saving treatment
Deaths caused by negligence
Local Authorities failing to act to protect an adult who is at series risk of harm